The sport of wheelchair basketball was developed by Sir Ludwig Guttmann in England following the Second World War. The sport was viewed as one of the most adaptable team sports and it was part of rehabilitation programs that allowed people with physical disabilities to regain dignity and independence. Wheelchair basketball was included in the first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960 and is one of the most popular Paralympic sports.
The rules for wheelchair basketball vary little from standard basketball rules. In Canada, FIBA (international) rules are used with minor changes to reflect the use of a wheelchair. These changes do not change the way the game is played but instead are used to interpret the rules affected by the use of a wheelchair. For example, as in able-bodied basketball, players must dribble the ball once they have gained control and a travelling violation is when a player takes more than two pushes on their wheelchair.
Classification is the process by which a team's total functional potential on the court is leveled off with respect to its opponent. It is a functional evaluation taking into consideration each player's ability to perform skills specific to the sport. Classifications range from 0.5 to 4.5 where lower class athletes are more limited in their functional skills and higher classes have few if any limitations. The total number of points on the court assigned for each of the five players may not exceed 14 points at any one time in most divisions.
Wheelchair Basketball has been part of the Canada Games program since 1995.