Synchronized swimming combines techniques of swimming, gymnastics, and dance into a synchronized routine of elaborate moves in the water accompanied by music. The sport developed from “water ballet” which was demonstrated at several world exhibitions at the turn of the century and grew in popularity with Esther Williams’ aqua musicals in the 1940s and 50s. In 1954, Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) recognized synchronized swimming as an official aquatic sport and it debuted at the 1973 World Aquatic Championship and then at the Olympic Games in 1984.
Routine judging consists of two marks-technical merit, worth 60% and artistic impression, worth 40%. For technical merit, the judges evaluate the execution, synchronization and degree of difficulty. The artistic impression mark is based on the routine's choreography, music interpretation and the manner of presentation.
Synchronized swimming has been part of the Canada Games program since 1967.