Judo is a modern martial art and sport created in Japan in 1882. It looks more like wrestling than other martial arts and teaches its practitioners (judoka) to gain control over an attacker using throws, holds, chokes, and grappling and without striking. It is a method of turning an opponent's strength against them and overcoming by skill rather than sheer strength. Judo was first included at the Olympic Games in 1964.
The contest area for judo is a square mat eight meters by eight meters. A match typically lasts three to five minutes. The goal of a match is to gain a full point or “Ippon”, by either throwing the opponent flat on their back with force and control or holding the competitor down for 25 seconds. Once Ippon is scored the match is over. A half-point or “Waza-ari” is given for a throw executed with control, but lacking one of the required elements for Ippon. Two Waza-ari equal Ippon and will end the match. A Yuko is given when an opponent lands on their side or escapes after 15 seconds. No amount of Yukos equal Waza-ari and are only considered if the match ends with the score tied. If the score is tied at the end of the match it moves into a Golden Score or sudden death where the first contestant to achieve any score wins.
Judo has been a part of the Canada Games program since 1971.