The history of gymnastics can be traced to ancient Greece when distinct gymnastic exercises were developed as part of a regimen of physical conditioning and military training. Gymnastics was a prominent feature of the ancient Olympics but gradually lost its popularity to gladiator-like events. In the 1800s gymnastics experienced a rebirth due to the efforts of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, a German educator known as the father of gymnastics. The sport has been part of the modern Olympic Games since 1896, although the first female competition did not take place until 1952.
Artistic gymnastics have been part of the competition since the initial Canada Games in 1967. Male and female athletes compete in both team and individual formats, performing a series of routines on either gym apparatus or in a floor exercise. Athletes are assigned a score based on the proficiency of the routine, which sometimes includes required elements, and degree of difficulty.
The exciting sport of Trampoline has been included in the Olympics since 2000 and will make its Canada Games debut in 2015. Athletes are judged on the merits of 10 consecutive bounces with the first and last being on the feet while others may be on the front or back. Judges evaluate the routine and skills on position of the body in the centre of the trampoline, height and control, and landing.