The origins of cross country skiing date back thousands of years as a form of transportation. The sport came to North America in the 1850s and is truly a sport for life as it is easily learned with no boundaries for age, gender, or fitness level. At the highest levels of competition it is one of the most difficult endurance sports, demanding exceptional skills and fitness. Cross country skiing has been part of the Olympic Winter Games since the first Games in 1924.
Racers use two basic ski techniques in cross country skiing: classic, where the skis move parallel to each other, and free skate, where skiers push off with the edge of their ski similar to ice skating.
Cross country skiing has been part of the Canada Games program since 1967.
Cross country skiing at the Canada Games includes para-nordic events for athletes with a disability or who are visually impaired.