Alpine skiing developed from the sport of cross country skiing in the European Alps over 150 years ago. Using a fixed heel binding to descend a mountain slope, alpine ski racers compete against the clock, with the fastest time determining the winner. Racing courses are made more difficult with the addition of gates to mark the route the skiers must follow. Alpine skiing has been an Olympic sport since 1936 with different disciplines added over the years, including Ski Cross at the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games.
Alpine skiing at the Canada Games includes para alpine events for athletes with a disability. Athletes are classified into one of 15 categories based on their ability level. These classifications are generally grouped as sit-skiers, visually impaired (standing with a guide), or standing (other physical disability).