Bicycles were introduced in the19th century and quickly became a primary method of transportation and recreation. Almost as soon as bicycles were introduced, competitions developed independently in many parts of the world. The 1890s is known as the “Golden Age” of cycling with events taking place in Europe, North America and Japan. The most famous of all bicycle races is the Tour de France, which started in 1903.
As the bicycle evolved, different racing formats have developed including road racing, mountain biking, track cycling, cyclocross and BMX. Due to the range of abilities and skills involved in each cycling discipline, cycling is a sport enjoyed by athletes of many ages and abilities.
Road and track cycling have been part of the Olympic Games since 1896 (with a few exceptions). Mountain biking was added to the Olympic program in 1996 and BMX in 2008.
The Canada Summer Games athletes compete in road and mountain biking disciplines. These Games opportunities have been key to developing BC cyclists who have gone on to World and Olympic competitions, including Gillian Carelton (2012 Olympic bronze medalist-track) and three-time Olympian Geoff Kabush (Mountain Bike).