Canadian James Naismith invented the sport of basketball in 1891 at the YMCA Training School in Massachusetts, in an effort to entertain his students during the cold winter months. Early on, the ball used by two, nine-player teams was simply a soccer ball and the baskets at each end of the court were peach boxes. The bottoms of the peach boxes were cut out and then eventually replaced with metal hoops and backboards. The game has evolved to be played all over the world and was first included in the Olympic Games in 1936, with the women’s game added in 1976. Today basketball has grown to become one of the world's most popular sports. The International Basketball Federation (FIBA) has 213 full members divided into five zones; Oceania, Europe, Asia, the Americas and Africa.
Basketball has developed over the years to involve the common techniques of shooting, passing, and dribbling, as well as players' positions, and offensive and defensive structures. Typically, the tallest members of a team will play centre or one of two forward positions, while shorter players or those who possess the best ball handling skills and speed, play the guard positions.
The BC Summer Games and Canada Summer Games create a pathway to excellence for many BC athletes including Steve Nash, two-time NBA Most Valuable Player and 2012 Canadian Olympians Kim Smith and Teresa Gabriele (Kleindienst).